Mittwoch , 14 November 2018

Public Perception and Perceived Landscape Function of Urban Park Trees in Tabriz, Iran

Landscape Online | Volume 62 | 2018 | Pages: 1-16| DOI:10.3097/LO.201862 | Published: September 5th, 2018

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Public Perception and Perceived Landscape Function of Urban Park Trees in Tabriz, Iran

Ahmad Hami1, Sreetheran Maruthaveeran2*

1) Department of Landscape Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, University of TABRIZ, 29 Bahman, 5166616471 Tabriz, Iran

2)Department of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Design & Architecture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Darul Ehsan, Malaysia

* Corresponding author: sreetheran@upm.edu.my

Landscapes of parks may contribute an important function in the urban park with a wide range of benefits. However, there is a lack of understanding of the publics‘ preferences for parks‘ landscape functions and benefitsin middle-east countries such as Iran. About 275 park users were interviewed using photo-questionnaire in Tabriz, Iran using five point Likert scale (1 = strongly disagree,.. 5 = strongly agree) for measuring theirpreference level. Descriptive analysis, factor analysis, and variance analysis (Independent sample t-test and ANOVA) were used for analyzing the data. The results revealed the majority of the participants were male (54.5%), single (65.09%), highly educated (71.4%), below 40 years old (62.9%), and visit the park with familymembers (43.3%) in the evenings (54.5%). The participants preferred the presence
of Salix alba followed by Pinus nigra, Platanus occidentalis, and Morus alba in the urban park, respectively. “Flowering
purpose“(mean= 4.21) and “green enlargement“ (mean= 4.20) were important functional dimensions, whilst, “healthcare“
(mean= 4.33) and “mental recovery“ (mean= 4.29) landscape benefits in urban parks. It is concluded that, perhaps,
attributions of trees such as creating shade, with the canopy on top, and having large leaves are significant factors on
publics‘ landscape preferences.

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