Freitag , 19 Juli 2019

Urban-Rural Gradients of Ecosystem Services and the Linkages with Socioeconomics

Landscape Online | Volume 39 | 2015 | Pages: 1-31| DOI:10.3097/LO.201539 | Published: Februar 28th, 2015


Supplementary materials:

Urban-Rural Gradients of Ecosystem Services and the Linkages with Socioeconomics

Ying Hou1,2, Felix Müller2, Bo Li1, Franziska Kroll3

1 Christian Albrechts University of Kiel, Institute for Natural Resource Conservation, Olshausenstr. 75, D 24118 Kiel, Germany

2 Beijing Normal University, College of Resource Science and Technology, Beijing, China 100875, Beijing, China

3 Regierungspräsidium Darmstadt, Abteilung Arbeitsschutz und Umwelt Frankfurt, Gutleutstraße 114, D 60327 Frankfurt am Main, Germany

The principle of urban-rural gradients can reveal the spatial variations of ecosystem services and socioeconomic dimensions. The interrelations between ecosystem services and socioeconomics have scarcely been considered in the context of urban-rural areas.
We investigated the spatial gradients and the mutual linkages of several ecosystem services and socioeconomic variables in the urban-rural areas of Leipzig, Germany, and Kunming, China. The results showed some regularities in the spatial patterns of ecosystem services and socioeconomic dimensions in both study areas. Habitat quality and f-evapotranspiration of Leipzig and habitat quality of Kunming demonstrated apparent increasing trends along all gradient patterns. However, the other ecosystem services presented divergent spatial variabilities in different gradient patterns. Road density, urban fabric and population density showed identical declining trends in both case study areas. Differently, household
size, housing area as well as unemployment rate in Leipzig presented inconsistent spatial dynamics with considerable fluctuations. With regard to the gradient interrelations, road density, urban fabric and population density were strongly correlated with most ecosystem services in both case study areas.
In contrast, the gradients of household size, housing area and unemployment rate of Leipzig showed inconsistent correlations with the ecosystem services gradients. Our study provides evidence to the argument that typical patterns of ecosystem service gradients do not exist in different urban-rural areas.

Check Also

Contributing to the cultural ecosystem services and human wellbeing debate: a case study application on indicators and linkages

Inadequacies in the indication of cultural ecosystem services (CES) are a hindrance in assessing their …