Thursday , 19 October 2017

Articles

Ecosystem Services RESEARCH ARTICLE

Ecosystem Service Potentials, Flows and Demand – Concepts for Spatial Localisation, Indication and Quantification

The high variety of ecosystem service categorisation systems, assessment frameworks, indicators, quantification methods and spatial localisation approaches allows scientists and decision makers to harness experience, data, methods and tools. On the other hand, this variety of concepts and disagreements among scientists hamper an integration of ecosystem services into contemporary environmental management and decision making. In this article, the current state …

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RESEARCH ARTICLE

Scenario Methodology for Modelling of Future Landscape Developments as Basis for Assessing Ecosystem Services

The ecosystems of our intensively used European landscapes produce a variety of natural goods and services for the benefit of humankind, and secure the basics and quality of life. Because these ecosystems are still undergoing fundamental changes, the interest of the society is to know more about future developments and their ecological impacts. To describe and analyze these changes, scenarios …

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Ecosystem Services EDITORIAL

Editorial of Special Topic – Call for papers: “Concepts and Methods for Ecosystem Service Assessments”

As a collaborative of event of the IALE-D Working group Ecosystem Services and the Ecosystem Services Partnership ESP, a joint Workshop on Indication, Integration and Application of Ecosystem Services in Decision Making was held in Kiel in May 2013. Following this event there have been some very constructive discussions about the planned special issue on “Concepts and Methods for Ecosystem …

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RESEARCH ARTICLE

Density, Spatial Pattern and Relief Features of Sacred Sites in Northern Morocco

Sacred sites are of conservation value because of their spiritual meaning, as cultural heritage and as remnants of near-natural biotopes in landscapes strongly transformed by man. The vegetation of sacred sites in Morocco was studied recently. Information about their number, spatial pattern or relief position is fragmentary. However, these parameters are important to evaluate their role as refuge for organisms …

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RESEARCH ARTICLE

Structure and Process – Influence of Historical Agriculture of Linear Flow Paths by Extreme Rainfall in Brandenburg

Long-term erosion forecast can completely misinterpret in extreme events in plain regions. Flow paths are well represented in the plain using digital elevation models in the 1-m grid (DEM1). The scale of the erosion process models and the elevation models is comparable. With it instruments are available to improve the erosion simulation. Simulations, based on (R)USLE family and bigger grid …

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RESEARCH ARTICLE

Impact of wild herbivorous mammals and birds on the altitudinal and northern treeline ecotones

Wild herbivorous mammals may damage treeline vegetation an cause soil erosion at a local scale. In many high mountain areas of Europe and North America, large numbers of red deer have become a threat to the maintenance of high-elevation forests and attempts to restore the climatic treeline. In northern Fennoscandia, overgrazing by reindeer in combination with mass outbreaks of the …

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RESEARCH ARTICLE

Peninsula Effects on Birds in a Coastal Landscape: Are Coves More Species Rich than Lobes?

Long-term erosion forecast can completely misinterpret in extreme events in plain regions. Flow paths are well represented in the plain using digital elevation models in the 1-m grid (DEM1). The scale of the erosion process models and the elevation models is comparable. With it instruments are available to improve the erosion simulation. Simulations, based on (R)USLE family and bigger grid …

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RESEARCH ARTICLE

Swiss Tree Lines – a GIS-Based Approximation

Mountain timber lines are relevant in the context of land abandonment and climate change. For Switzerland, GIS-compliant delimitations of the tree line and the forest line are still lacking. Recent high-resolution landcover information offers new possibilities for GIS-based approaches. In a Swiss-wide study, an analysis based on slope zones was combined with a moving-window analysis to assess tree and forest …

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RESEARCH ARTICLE

Biorefineries: Relocating Biomass Refineries to the Rural Area

The field for application of biomass is rising. The demand for food and feeding stuff rises while at the same time energy, chemicals and other materials also need to be produced from biomass because of decreasing fossil resources. However, the biorefinery ideas and concepts can help to use the limited renewable raw materials more efficiently than today. With biorefineries, valuable …

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RESEARCH ARTICLE

Recent Glacier Recession – a New Source of Postglacial Treeline and Climate History in the Swedish Scandes

Climate warming during the past century has imposed recession of glaciers and perennial snow/ice patches along the entire Swedish Scandes. On the newly exposed forefields, subfossil wood remnants are being outwashed from beneath ice and snow bodies. In Scandinavia, this kind of detrital wood is a previously unused source of postglacial vegetation and climate history. The present study reports radiocarbon …

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