Friday , 18 August 2017

Does the Ecosystem Service Concept Reach its Limits in Urban Environments?

| Volume 51 | 2017 | Pages: 1-22| DOI:10.3097/LO.201751 | Published: June 4th, 2017


Supplementary materials:

Does the Ecosystem Service Concept Reach its Limits in Urban Environments?

Simone A. Beichler1,2*, Olaf Bastian3, Dagmar Haase4,5, Stefan Heiland6, Nadja Kabisch4,7, Felix Müller8

1)Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB), Department II Ecosystem Research, Müggelseedamm 310, D 12587 Berlin

2)HafenCity University Hamburg, Department of Urban Planning and Regional Development, Überseeallee 16, D 20457 Hamburg

3) City of Dresden, Environmental Office, P.O.Box 120020, D 01001 Dresden

4) Humboldt-University Berlin, Institute of Geography, Unter den Linden 6, D 10099 Berlin

5) Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research – UFZ, Department of Computational Landscape Ecology, Permoserstr. 15, D 04318 Leipzig

6) Technische Universität Berlin, Chair of Landscape Planning and Development, Sekr. EB 5, Str. des 17. Juni 145, D 10623 Berlin

7) Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research – UFZ, Department of Urban and Environmental Sociology, Permoserstr. 15, D 04318 Leipzig

8) University of Kiel, Institute for Natural Resource Conservation, Olshausenstrasse 75, D 24118 Kiel

* Corresponding author:

There is a rapidly growing body of literature on the theory about the ecosystem service concept and the practical assessment of ecosystem services in different contexts ranging from natural to urban environments. Yet, where does the concept reach its limits? This paper critically reflects the application of the ecosystem service concept in urban environments illustrating the handling of urban structures (incl. built-up areas) and the risk that the normative principle of the concept could be missed. It is shown that in theory urban structures refer to a variety of ecosystem concepts. As a starting point for ecosystem service assessments, these could be classified into natural, managed, constructed and overbuilt systems. Since ecosystem service concepts do not directly refer to a specific ecosystem definition, but to biophysical structures and processes, all of these classes could be included. However, the dependency on context and scale makes a differentiation in practical ecosystem services assessment challenging. We conclude that the ecosystem service concept does not reach its limits in urban environments, but urban environments represent an extreme case characterized by multifunctionality and a high degree of modification that enables to uncover research challenges applying in any environment. There is a need for a more transparent reporting of theoretical and methodological assumptions to facilitate the comparability between ecosystem service assessments. Comprehensive approaches that consider multiple ecosystem services and include human input, human modification, the ecosystem status as well as their interactions are required to understand the spatial relations between ecosystem services delivered by different ecosystems.

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